Few things will cause as much destruction to your locality as a fire. You will salvage few if any items in this type of disaster and the environment suffer grave consequences long after the fire has been out. It is thus essential to take the necessary precautions to ensure properties and people will suffer as minimal an impact as possible in case there is a fire.

Investing in a fire fighting trailer that is sometimes called a fire fighting truck or engine should be your initial step. The first fire engines came onto the scene about 400 years ago and have evolved since then. The current ones featuring a reservoir, enclosed seats for the crew and a water pump came into being in the 1960s. The following are the industry classifications of fire engines you should base your pick on when shopping for one.

Types 1 and 2 Engines

These are also called structural engines and will generally respond to fires in densely populated areas and inside structures. This is because they are easy to maneuver and can deploy ladders that reach fires even in elevated buildings. A typical structural engine will hold 400-500 gallons of water and will attack a fire using a constant water stream that counteracts the heat. According to NFPA regulations, your type 1 fire engine should have a water transfer rate of not less than 1000gpm and not less than 500gpm for a type 2 engine.

Wildland Engines

These are meant explicitly for fighting wildfires. They transport personnel to the disaster scene and provide access to equipment and water needed to contain the fire. Wildland engines specifically use the pump-and-roll technique. In this, the vehicle will engage the pump while a firefighter sprays water on the fire using a hose.

Types 3 and 4 Engines

fire hose

These have four-wheel drives and can thus handle rough terrain easily. They have a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) a minimum of 26000lbs. A type 3 engine will carry at least three firefighting personnel while the type 4 engine has a 2-person minimum carrying capacity. Type 3 fire engines carry a minimum of 500 water gallons and have a 150gpm water rate at 250 pounds per square inch of pressure. Type 4 fire engines, on the other hand, have a lower hose power and smaller pump compared with type 3 engines but feature a bigger tank carrying about 750 water gallons.

Types 5, 6, and 7 Engines

These are smaller compared with types 3 and 4 engines. Their smaller body allows them to carry about 50-400 water gallons and easily maneuver tight spots. Types 5–7 engines are used for the initial fire response. Their GVWR ratings are in ascending order with 26000 for type 5 through to 14000lbs on type 7 engines.

Choosing fire engines is not a task that only involves your budget along with the best-looking a supplier will have. Thankfully, the above tidbits will guarantee you make the right choice for your locality. As a general rule, fire engines will be specified from the largest to the smallest. Types 1–2 are the largest from the above, while types 5–7 are the smallest.